Tennessee Williams (born Thomas Lanier Williams, March 26, 1911 – February 25, 1983) was an American writer who primarily worked in American theater writing plays. He received many of the top theatrical awards for his works of drama. After he moved from St. Louis to New Orleans in 1939, he changed his first name to « Tennessee », the Southeastern U.S. state and his father’s birthplace.
He won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama for A Streetcar Named Desire in 1948 and for Cat on a Hot Tin Roof in 1955. In addition, The Glass Menagerie (1944 in Chicago, 1945 in New York) and The Night of the Iguana (1961) received New York Drama Critics’ Circle Awards. His 1952 play The Rose Tattoo received the Tony Award for best play. In 1980 he was presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Jimmy Carter.
Thomas Lanier Williams, dit Tennessee Williams, né le 26 mars 1911 à Columbus dans le Mississippi aux États-Unis, mort le 25 février 1983 à New York, est un écrivain américain, dramaturge, dont de nombreuses œuvres furent portées au cinéma.